Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 13129607
FEMS Microbiol Lett 2003 Sep; 226(1): 51-6
The lpxA gene is known to be involved in the biosynthesis of lipid A in Gram-negative bacteria and thought to be an essential gene. However, viable meningococcal lpxA mutants devoid of detectable endotoxin (lipooligosaccharide) have been reported. We characterised such mutants in strains of Neisseria meningitidis belonging to serogroups B and C using molecular and biochemical analysis. While lpxA mutants with no detectable or a low level of lipooligosaccharide could be obtained in N. meningitidis, the simple insertional inactivation of lpxA was not possible. In all mutants, we obtained lpxA/lpxA::aph-3′ heterodiploids harbouring one copy of the wild-type lpxA gene and one copy of the inactivated lpxA gene by insertion of the kanamycin resistance cassette, aph-3′. The absence of lipooligosaccharide in these mutants may result from a negative transdominance effect of a truncated LpxA protein on the wild-type LpxA protein.