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© Research
Publication : Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)

In vivo and in vitro expression of defective hepatitis B virus particles generated by spliced hepatitis B virus RNA

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.) - 01 Jul 1995

Rosmorduc O, Petit MA, Pol S, Capel F, Bortolotti F, Berthelot P, Brechot C, Kremsdorf D

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 7601398

Hepatology 1995 Jul;22(1):10-9

The mechanisms involved in hepatitis B virus (HBV) persistence are still poorly understood. We have previously shown that the encapsidation of the singly spliced 2.2 kb-HBV RNA leads to the secretion of circulating HBV defective particles in patients with chronic hepatitis. We have now investigated the presence of the HBV defective particles in sera from patients with acute and chronic hepatitis, using polymerase chain reaction. These defective particles were detected in a larger amount in sera of patients with acute hepatitis that progressed to chronic hepatitis, or had already developed chronic hepatitis, as compared with those who recovered from acute hepatitis (the increase was estimated to be an average of 50-fold). In addition, we showed that the presence of these defective HBV particles is closely associated with the chronic course of hepatitis B virus infection and with viral multiplication. We also analyzed viral RNAs and proteins synthetized after in vitro transfection of Huh7 cell line with the corresponding defective hepatitis B virus DNA molecule. We showed that expression of the defective hepatitis B virus DNA alone leads to a marked intracellular accumulation of the major core protein (HBcAg) and to an increased secretion of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg). These observations may be consistent with a role of these defective hepatitis B virus (HBV) particles in viral persistence.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7601398