Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 35768437
Link to DOI – 10.1038/s41541-022-00488-8
NPJ Vaccines 2022 Jun; 7(1): 73
Since January 2018, mandatory vaccination against meningococci serogroup C has been implemented in France for children <2 years with a recommended catch-up vaccination until the age of 24 years. We aimed to analyse the impact of mandatory vaccination on populations not targeted by it (2-24 years old). We used the database of the national reference centre for meningococci to collect the number of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) cases before (2016-2017) and after (2018-2019) the mandatory vaccination. The cultured isolates were sequenced and submitted for genomic comparison. The total number of cases was 1706, including 376 cases of IMD serogroup C. Mandatory vaccination correlated with a significant decrease among the <2 years old and a decreasing trend among the 2-14 years old group but not among 15-25 years of age. This observation may be explained by the vaccine coverage that is still low among adolescents and young adults. Moreover, the genomic analysis revealed the co-circulation of two major genotypes belonging to the clonal complex ST-11 whose distribution differed across the age groups in accord with cyclic variations of genotypes. It is important to increase specific knowledge on meningococcal epidemiology and vaccination to involve them in establishing the vaccination strategy.