Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 2129609
Reg Immunol 1990-1991;3(5):254-9
We have investigated the effects of supernatants from human placenta explant cultures on lymphokine dependent T cell proliferation using mainly the CTLL-2 reference murine cell line. A profound, dose dependent, inhibition of both IL-2 and IL-4-dependent cell proliferation was observed. In addition, supernatants from human placental cultures inhibited B cell proliferation, IL-5-driven proliferation of B13 cells, and IL-6-induced proliferation of 7TD.1. Conversely, the supernatants from human placental cultures enhance the growth of human embryonic fibroblasts. Characterization of the material by HPLC yielded a 68-70 kDa peak at pH 7.4, but the peak activity was at a smaller molecular weight (20-25 kDa) if pH 2.9 acetic acid, KC1 buffer was used. The same fractions were inhibitory for IL-2 and IL-4 driven proliferation of CTLL-2 cells. We conclude that the substances tested are acting as a general growth inhibitor for lymphocytes.