Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 9541579
Eur. J. Immunol. 1998 Mar;28(3):844-54
We have previously shown that mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC) can process and present immunogenic peptides to CD4 T cells. Here, we report on a T cell-dependent MHC class II-mediated mast cell activation resulting in IL-4 transcription and protein release. Presentation of optimal doses of ovalbumin peptide 323-339 resulted in IL-2 production by a specific T cell hybridoma and increase in IL-4 mRNA transcription in mast cells. IL-4 mRNA transcription increased by 200-fold in mast cells treated in IL-3/IL-4/granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (high presenters) whereas only a tenfold increase or no increase were obtained with IL-3/IL-4/IFN-gamma- or IL-3-treated mast cells (low presenters), respectively. Induction of IL-4 mRNA transcription in purified mast cells by direct ligation of MHC class II molecules, using anti-I-A and anti-I-E-coated beads, indicates that MHC class II molecules are critical in this signaling pathway. However, when compared to T cells, anti-MHC class II-coated beads were less efficient, indicating a potential role of accessory molecules in this mast cell activation process. IgE-independent IL-4 production by mast cells as a result of cognate interaction with CD4 T cells could be critical for the development of type 2 responses. This novel mechanism may contribute to the induction and/or amplification of specific IgE-mediated allergic responses.