Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 37061085
Link to DOI – 10.1016/j.jmb.2023.168094
J Mol Biol 2023 Apr; (): 168094
Viruses are obligate parasites that rely on their host’s cellular machinery for replication. To facilitate their replication cycle, many viruses have been shown to remodel the cellular architecture by inducing the formation of membraneless organelles (MLOs). Eukaryotic cells have evolved MLOs that are highly dynamic, self-organizing microenvironments that segregate biological processes and increase the efficiency of reactions by concentrating enzymes and substrates. In the context of viral infections, MLOs can be utilized by viruses to complete their replication cycle. This review focuses on the pathway used by the HIV-1 virus to remodel the nuclear landscape of its host, creating viral/host niches that enable efficient viral replication. Specifically, we discuss how the interaction between the HIV-1 capsid and the cellular factor CPSF6 triggers the formation of nuclear MLOs that support nuclear reverse transcription and viral integration in favored regions of the host chromatin. This review compiles current knowledge on the origin of nuclear HIV-MLOs and their role in early post-nuclear entry steps of the HIV-1 replication cycle.