Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 8745637
C. R. Acad. Sci. III, Sci. Vie 1995 Dec;318(12):1227-32
In order to understand the regulation of HIV genome transcription induced by cell stimulation through transmembrane receptors, we have transfected cells with polyoma middle T antigen (PyMT) expression vectors, thus mimicking activated receptor-dependent cell stimulation. PyMT-expressing Cos7 cells provided an environment where transcription of an HIV provirus was activated. PyMT expression induced the activity of both enhancer- and promoter-dependent HIV-LTR luciferase vectors. Induction of the HIV promoter domain depended on Sp1-binding sites and could be blocked by Wortmannin, an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). This indicates that PyMT-induced HIV transcription and replication are controlled by both the enhancer and promoter domains of the HIV-LTR. The latter, but not the former, was induced in a PI3K-dependent way. Thus at least 2 different transduction pathways appear to collaborate for induction of full HIV genome transcription in activated cells.