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© Research
Publication : Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology

Hepatitis B virus reactivation in patients with solid tumors receiving systemic anticancer treatment

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology - 01 Nov 2016

Voican CS, Mir O, Loulergue P, Dhooge M, Brezault C, Dréanic J, Chaussade S, Pol S, Coriat R

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 27803003

Ann. Oncol. 2016 Dec;27(12):2172-2184

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation is a well-known risk during chemotherapy for hematological malignancies with reported rates ranging between 14% and 72%. However, there is a paucity of data regarding HBV infection management and reactivation risk in patients receiving systemic treatments for solid tumors.

DESIGN: We conducted a PubMed search for publications from January 1990 until May 2016 related to HBV reactivation. The search terms were ‘hepatitis B reactivation’, cross-referenced with ‘chemotherapy’, then ‘hepatitis B’ cross-referenced with International Non-proprietary Name of each of the most used chemotherapy drugs in solid tumors.

RESULTS: From these data, a grading of HBV reactivation risk and recommendations for management are given for most frequently used anticancer drugs in solid tumors.

CONCLUSION: Most drugs used for the treatment of solid tumors can induce hepatitis B reactivation in HBs antigen-positive patients. HBV screening can be recommended before systemic treatment initiation. Pre-emptive antiviral treatment can reduce the risk of HBV reactivation and prevent chemotherapy disruption.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27803003