Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 10606599
J. Agric. Food Chem. 1999 Dec;47(12):5218-26
Lysyl residues of rapeseed napin (2S) and cruciferin (12S) were acylated and sulfamidated by means of anhydrides and sulfonyl chlorides, respectively. The secondary and tertiary structures as well as the surface hydrophobicity of the modified proteins were studied using circular dichroism, intrinsic fluorescence, and binding of anilinonaphthalenesulfonic acid. The results showed clearly that grafting of hydrophobic chains induced different structural modifications and surface hydrophobicities on the monomeric (2S) and on the hexameric (12S) proteins. Thus, the original structure of the 2S modified protein seemed to be preserved. Therefore, the surface hydrophobicity increased proportionally with the number of groups grafted. Conversely, after modification, 12S was shown to be expanded. As a result, hydrophobic regions were exposed, leading to a much greater hydrophobization of the protein surface. Acylation and sulfamidation appeared, therefore, to be good methods to hydrophobize efficiently the surface of the two proteins and thus might probably induce new functional properties.