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© Research
Publication : Nano letters

Gradient CdSe/CdS Quantum Dots with Room Temperature Biexciton Unity Quantum Yield

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Nano letters - 28 May 2015

Nasilowski M, Spinicelli P, Patriarche G, Dubertret B

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 25990468

Nano Lett. 2015 Jun;15(6):3953-8

Auger recombination is a major limitation for the fluorescent emission of quantum dots (QDs). It is the main source of QDs fluorescence blinking at the single-particle level. At high-power excitation, when several charge carriers are formed inside a QD, Auger becomes more efficient and severely decreases the quantum yield (QY) of multiexcitons. This limits the efficiency and the use of colloidal QDs in applications where intense light output is required. Here, we present a new generation of thick-shell CdSe/CdS QDs with dimensions >40 nm and a composition gradient between the core and the shell that exhibits 100% QY for the emission of both the monoexciton and the biexciton in air and at room temperature for all the QDs we have observed. The fluorescence emission of these QDs is perfectly Poissonian at the single-particle level at different excitation levels and temperatures, from 30 to 300 K. In these QDs, the emission of high-order (>2) multiexcitons is quite efficient, and we observe white light emission at the single-QD level when high excitation power is used. These gradient thick shell QDs confirm the suppression of Auger recombination in gradient core/shell structures and help further establish the colloidal QDs with a gradient shell as a very stable source of light even under high excitation.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25990468