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© Research
Publication : American journal of ophthalmology

Genetic Correlations Between Diabetes and Glaucoma: An Analysis of Continuous and Dichotomous Phenotypes.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in American journal of ophthalmology - 01 Oct 2019

Laville V, Kang JH, Cousins CC, Iglesias AI, Nagy R, Cooke Bailey JN, Igo RP, Song YE, Chasman DI, Christen WG, Kraft P, Rosner BA, Hu F, Wilson JF, Gharahkhani P, Hewitt AW, Mackey DA, Hysi PG, Hammond CJ, vanDuijn CM, Haines JL, Vitart V, Fingert JH, Hauser MA, Aschard H, Wiggs JL, Khawaja AP, MacGregor S, Pasquale LR, , , ,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 31121135

Link to DOI – S0002-9394(19)30245-410.1016/j.ajo.2019.05.015

Am J Ophthalmol 2019 10; 206(): 245-255

A genetic correlation is the proportion of phenotypic variance between traits that is shared on a genetic basis. Here we explore genetic correlations between diabetes- and glaucoma-related traits.Cross-sectional study.We assembled genome-wide association study summary statistics from European-derived participants regarding diabetes-related traits like fasting blood sugar (FBS) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) and glaucoma-related traits (intraocular pressure [IOP], central corneal thickness [CCT], corneal hysteresis [CH], corneal resistance factor [CRF], cup-to-disc ratio [CDR], and primary open-angle glaucoma [POAG]). We included data from the National Eye Institute Glaucoma Human Genetics Collaboration Heritable Overall Operational Database, the UK Biobank, and the International Glaucoma Genetics Consortium. We calculated genetic correlation (rg) between traits using linkage disequilibrium score regression. We also calculated genetic correlations between IOP, CCT, and select diabetes-related traits based on individual level phenotype data in 2 Northern European population-based samples using pedigree information and Sequential Oligogenic Linkage Analysis Routines.Overall, there was little rg between diabetes- and glaucoma-related traits. Specifically, we found a nonsignificant negative correlation between T2D and POAG (rg = -0.14; P = .16). Using Sequential Oligogenic Linkage Analysis Routines, the genetic correlations between measured IOP, CCT, FBS, fasting insulin, and hemoglobin A1c were null. In contrast, genetic correlations between IOP and POAG (rg ≥ 0.45; P ≤ 3.0 × 10-4) and between CDR and POAG were high (rg = 0.57; P = 2.8 × 10-10). However, genetic correlations between corneal properties (CCT, CRF, and CH) and POAG were low (rg range -0.18 to 0.11) and nonsignificant (P ≥ .07).These analyses suggest that there is limited genetic correlation between diabetes- and glaucoma-related traits.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31121135