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© Michel-Robert Popoff
Clostridium difficile en microscopie à contraste de phase. On distingue des bactéries sporulées, non sporulées et d'autres en cours de lyse (destruction). Bactérie de l'environnement (sol, eau, foin, sable), elle est à l'origine d'infections nosocomiales survenant après un traitement antibiotique : Clostridium difficile prédomine alors que les autres bactéries de la flore intestinale ont été détruites. L'infection peut provoquer deux types de pathologies graves : les colites pseudo-membraneuses dont l'origine est quasiment due à 100 % à C. difficile et la diarrhée post-antibiothérapie due à C. difficile dans 30 % des cas de ces diarrhées.
Publication : The Journal of biological chemistry

Formation of D-tyrosyl-tRNATyr accounts for the toxicity of D-tyrosine toward Escherichia coli

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of biological chemistry - 02 Aug 2004

Soutourina O, Soutourina J, Blanquet S, Plateau P

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 15292242

J. Biol. Chem. 2004 Oct;279(41):42560-5

D-Tyr-tRNATyr deacylase cleaves the ester bond between a tRNA molecule and a D-amino acid. In Escherichia coli, inactivation of the gene (dtd) encoding this deacylase increases the toxicity of several D-amino acids including D-tyrosine, D-tryptophan, and D-aspartic acid. Here, we demonstrate that, in a Deltadtd cell grown in the presence of 2.4 mm D-tyrosine, approximately 40% of the total tRNATyr pool is converted into D-Tyr-tRNATyr. No D-Tyr-tRNATyr is observed in dtd+ cells. In addition, we observe that overproduction of tRNATyr, tRNATrp, or tRNAAsp protects a Deltadtd mutant strain against the toxic effect of D-tyrosine, D-tryptophan, or D-aspartic acid, respectively. In the case of D-tyrosine, we show that the protection is accounted for by an increase in the concentration of L-Tyr-tRNATyr proportional to that of overproduced tRNATyr. Altogether, these results indicate that, by accumulating in vivo, high amounts of D-Tyr-tRNATyr cause a starvation for L-Tyr-tRNATyr. The deacylase prevents the starvation by hydrolyzing D-Tyr-tRNATyr. Overproduction of tRNATyr also relieves the starvation by increasing the amount of cellular L-Tyr-tRNATyr available for translation.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15292242