Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 1833413
J. Cell. Physiol. 1991 Sep;148(3):457-63
Knowledge of the genetic determinants that can affect renewal of multipotential stem cells and their commitment to specific cell lineages is essential to our understanding of multicellular development. However, despite the vast amount of accumulated knowledge in this area, genetic determinants that affect renewal and commitment of precursor cells are unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that three independently derived founder mouse strains, transgenic for the TcR V gamma 1.1J gamma 4C gamma 4 (TcR gamma 4) chain gene, differed significantly from normal mice in their development of T and B cells as well as myelopoietic precursor cells. Ontogenic programs consistent with an acceleration of T-cell development and a delayed appearance and suppressed levels of pre-B- and B-cell precursors were evident in these transgenic mice. In addition, TcR gamma 4 transgenic mice possessed a significantly elevated level of myelopoietic pluripotential precursors. 3H-thymidine cell suicide studies suggest that higher percentages of pluripotent precursors from the bone marrow of the TcR gamma 4 transgenic mice were in the S phase of the cell cycle. These modulations of the lymphoid and myelopoietic compartments, however, were not found in other T-cell receptor transgenic mice (e.g., TcR V gamma 1.2J gamma 2C gamma 2, TcR gamma 2; or V beta 8.1D beta J beta 2.4C beta 2, TcR beta) constructed with the same or similar cDNA expression vector. The results suggest that the expression of a specific T-cell receptor gamma chain gene, and/or an elevated level of particular subset of TcR gamma delta cells, may affect the proliferation and relative proportions of haemopoietic and lymphoid precursors.