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© Research
Publication : Journal of molecular biology

Evidence for an interaction between the SH3 domain and the N-terminal extension of the essential light chain in class II myosins.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of molecular biology - 24 Aug 2007

Lowey S, Saraswat LD, Liu H, Volkmann N, Hanein D,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 17597155

J Mol Biol 2007 Aug; 371(4): 902-13

The function of the src-homology 3 (SH3) domain in class II myosins, a distinct beta-barrel structure, remains unknown. Here, we provide evidence, using electron cryomicroscopy, in conjunction with light-scattering, fluorescence and kinetic analyses, that the SH3 domain facilitates the binding of the N-terminal extension of the essential light chain isoform (ELC-1) to actin. The 41 residue extension contains four conserved lysine residues followed by a repeating sequence of seven Pro/Ala residues. It is widely believed that the highly charged region interacts with actin, while the Pro/Ala-rich sequence forms a rigid tether that bridges the approximately 9 nm distance between the myosin lever arm and the thin filament. In order to localize the N terminus of ELC in the actomyosin complex, an engineered Cys was reacted with undecagold-maleimide, and the labeled ELC was exchanged into myosin subfragment-1 (S1). Electron cryomicroscopy of S1-bound actin filaments, together with computer-based docking of the skeletal S1 crystal structure into 3D reconstructions, showed a well-defined peak for the gold cluster near the SH3 domain. Given that SH3 domains are known to bind proline-rich ligands, we suggest that the N-terminal extension of ELC interacts with actin and modulates myosin kinetics by binding to the SH3 domain during the ATPase cycle.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17597155