Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 16272397
Microbiology (Reading, Engl.) 2005 Nov;151(Pt 11):3759-68
Yersinia pestis is a species that emerged recently from Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and gained an exceptional pathogenicity potential. Among the major genetic differences between the plague bacillus and its ancestor is the acquisition of the pPla plasmid, which has been associated with the increased virulence of Y. pestis. In a previous study, introduction of pPla into Y. pseudotuberculosis did not lead to any modification of the virulence of the host bacterium. However, it was subsequently demonstrated that the presence of smooth lipopolysaccharide (LPS) inhibits the activity of Pla. In this study, pPla was introduced into a Y. pseudotuberculosis strain expressing smooth LPS, and into a variant in which a mutation that abrogates the formation of O-antigen (O-Ag) repeats (as in natural isolates of Y. pestis) was generated. It was found that in both strains, Pla was synthesized, exported to the bacterial membrane and processed as in Y. pestis. However, the ability of Pla to activate plasminogen was weak and observed only at 37 degrees C in the smooth strain, while this activity was similar to that of Y. pestis and expressed at both 28 and 37 degrees C in the O-Ag mutant strain. Similarly, Pla-mediated inactivation of the antiprotease alpha2-antiplasmin was not detected in the smooth Y. pseudotuberculosis strain grown at 28 degrees C, but was expressed at both temperatures in the O-Ag mutant strain. Despite the more efficient activity of Pla, the Y. pseudotuberculosis O-Ag mutant strain exhibited a lower pathogenicity upon subcutaneous infection of mice. The results thus indicate that, although abrogation of O side chain synthesis in a Y. pseudotuberculosis strain harbouring pPla potentiates the two proteolytic activities of Pla, this is not sufficient to confer to Y. pseudotuberculosis a higher pathogenicity potential. These results also suggest that acquisition of pPla may not have been sufficient to confer an immediate higher pathogenic potential to the ancestor Y. pestis strain.