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© Research
Publication : The Journal of biological chemistry

Effect of calcium on calmodulin bound to the IQ motifs of myosin V.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of biological chemistry - 10 Aug 2007

Trybus KM, Gushchin MI, Lui H, Hazelwood L, Krementsova EB, Volkmann N, Hanein D,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 17562702

J Biol Chem 2007 Aug; 282(32): 23316-25

The long neck of unconventional myosin V is composed of six tandem “IQ motifs,” which are fully occupied by calmodulin (CaM) in the absence of calcium. Calcium regulates the activity, the folded-to-extended conformational transition, and the processive run length of myosin V, and thus, it is important to understand how calcium affects CaM binding to the IQ motifs. Here we used electron cryomicroscopy together with computer-based docking of crystal structures into three-dimensional reconstructions of actin decorated with a motor domain-two IQ complex to provide an atomic model of myosin V in the presence of calcium. Calcium causes a major rearrangement of the bound CaMs, dissociation of CaM bound to IQ motif 2, and propagated changes in the motor domain. Tryptophan fluorescence spectroscopy showed that calcium-CaM binds to IQ motifs 1, 3, and 5 in a different conformation than apoCaM. Proteolytic cleavage was consistent with CaM preferentially dissociating from the second IQ motif. The enzymatic and mechanical functions of myosin V can, therefore, be modulated both by calcium-dependent conformational changes of bound CaM as well as by CaM dissociation.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17562702