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© Christine Schmitt, Meriem El Ghachi, Jean-Marc Panaud
Bactérie Helicobacter pylori en microscopie électronique à balayage. Agent causal de pathologies de l'estomac : elle est responsable des gastrites chroniques, d'ulcères gastriques et duodénaux et elle joue un rôle important dans la genèse des cancers gastriques (adénocarcinomes et lymphomes).
Publication : Talanta

EDTA-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles: A suitable platform for the analysis of low abundance urinary proteins

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Talanta - 01 Apr 2017

Bastos P, Trindade F, Ferreira R, Leite-Moreira A, Falcão-Pires I, Manadas B, Daniel-da-Silva AL, Vitorino R

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 28501217

Talanta 2017 Aug;170:81-88

Urine is a highly attractive source of biological information and disease biomarkers, whose proteome characterization is ongoing. To that end, depletion/enrichment strategies for protein analysis can be of great convenience. We have thus developed a method based on the use of EDTA-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (NPs@EDTA), to fractionate urine samples before liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and compared the identified proteins with those obtained from ultrafiltrated/unfractionated (UF) urine samples. NPs@EDTA allowed larger urine volumes to be processed, resulting in a greater number of protein identifications (~2-fold) at a lower cost when compared to UF samples. Proteins of greater abundance (such as albumin and uromodulin) were, at least partially, depleted with NPs@EDTA while those of lower abundance were enriched. Bioinformatics analysis showed that approximately 27% of NPs@EDTA-enriched proteins were annotated as displaying enzymatic activity, most of these being hydrolytic enzymes (56%), particularly proteases/peptidases (48%). Also, post-translational modifications were prominently predicted across NPs@EDTA-enriched proteins (90%), particularly glycosylation (52%), phosphorylation (47%) and acetylation (30%). NPs@EDTA allowed the identification of 109 proteins in urine for the first time, showing high potential as a platform for urine’s fractionation prior to proteomic analysis.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28501217