Search anything and hit enter
  • Teams
  • Members
  • Projects
  • Events
  • Calls
  • Jobs
  • publications
  • Software
  • Tools
  • Network
  • Equipment

A little guide for advanced search:

  • Tip 1. You can use quotes "" to search for an exact expression.
    Example: "cell division"
  • Tip 2. You can use + symbol to restrict results containing all words.
    Example: +cell +stem
  • Tip 3. You can use + and - symbols to force inclusion or exclusion of specific words.
    Example: +cell -stem
e.g. searching for members in projects tagged cancer
Search for
Count
IN
OUT
Content 1
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Department Manager
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Content 2
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Department Manager
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Search
Go back
Scroll to top
Share
© Research
Publication : Experimental cell research

Decreased synthesis of glycosphingolipids in cells lacking vimentin intermediate filaments

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Experimental cell research - 01 Aug 1998

Gillard BK, Clement R, Colucci-Guyon E, Babinet C, Schwarzmann G, Taki T, Kasama T, Marcus DM

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 9683542

Exp. Cell Res. 1998 Aug;242(2):561-72

We are studying defects in glycosphingolipid synthesis in cells lacking vimentin intermediate filaments (vimentin-). Sugars can be incorporated into glycolipids whose ceramide is synthesized either de novo (pathway 1) or from sphingoid bases salvaged from hydrolysis of sphingolipids (pathway 2) and into glycolipids recycling from the endosomal pathway through the Golgi (pathway 3). Vimentin- embryonic fibroblasts, obtained from vimentin-knockout mice, incorporate less sugar into glycolipids than vimentin+ fibroblasts. Using two inhibitors of ceramide synthesis, beta-chloroalanine and fumonisin B1, we found the major defect in synthesis to be in pathway 2 and not in de novo synthesis. We used two additional approaches to analyze the functions of pathways 2 and 3. First, we used exogenous glucosylthioceramide ([14C]C8-Glc-S-Cer), a synthetic, nonhydrolyzable glycosphingolipid, as a precursor for synthesis of larger glycolipids. Vimentin- SW13 cells and embryonic fibroblasts glycosylated [14C]C8-Glc-S-Cer less extensively than their vimentin+ counterparts. Second, we used chloroquine to inhibit the hydrolysis of sphingolipids in endosomes and lysosomes. Chloroquine markedly decreased the incorporation of sugars into glycolipids larger than glucosylceramide. The defect in glycolipid synthesis in vimentin- cells probably results from impaired intracellular transport of glycolipids and sphingoid bases between the endosomal/lysosomal pathway and the Golgi apparatus and endoplasmic reticulum. Intermediate filaments may accomplish this function by contributing to the organization of subcellular organelles and/or by binding proteins that participate in transport processes.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9683542