Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 26573598
Clin Cancer Res. 2015 Nov 16. [Epub ahead of print]
PURPOSE:Identification of serum biomarkers enabling earlier diagnosis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) could improve outcome. Serum protein profiles in patients with preclinical disease and at diagnosis were investigated.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:Serum from cases up to 4 years prior to PDAC diagnosis and controls (UKCTOCS, n = 174) were studied, alongside samples from patients diagnosed with PDAC, chronic pancreatitis, benign biliary disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and healthy subjects (n = 298). Isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) enabled comparisons of pooled serum from a test set (n = 150). Validation was undertaken using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) and/or Western blotting in all 472 human samples and samples from a KPC mouse model.
RESULTS:iTRAQ identified thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) as reduced preclinically and in diagnosed samples. MRM confirmed significant reduction in levels of TSP-1 up to 24 months prior to diagnosis. A combination of TSP-1 and CA19-9 gave an AUC of 0.86, significantly outperforming both markers alone (0.69 and 0.77, respectively; P < 0.01). TSP-1 was also decreased in PDAC patients compared with healthy controls (P < 0.05) and patients with benign biliary obstruction (P < 0.01). Low levels of TSP-1 correlated with poorer survival, preclinically (P < 0.05) and at clinical diagnosis (P < 0.02). In PDAC patients, reduced TSP-1 levels were more frequently observed in those with confirmed diabetes mellitus (P < 0.01). Significantly lower levels were also observed in PDAC patients with diabetes compared with individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (P = 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS:Circulating TSP-1 levels decrease up to 24 months prior to diagnosis of PDAC and significantly enhance the diagnostic performance of CA19-9. The influence of diabetes mellitus on biomarker behavior should be considered in future studies.http://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/early/2016/01/28/1078-0432.CCR-15-0879.long