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© Research
Publication : Gut

Daclatasvir plus peginterferon alfa and ribavirin for treatment-naive chronic hepatitis C genotype 1 or 4 infection: a randomised study

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Gut - 30 Jul 2014

Hézode C, Hirschfield GM, Ghesquiere W, Sievert W, Rodriguez-Torres M, Shafran SD, Thuluvath PJ, Tatum HA, Waked I, Esmat G, Lawitz EJ, Rustgi VK, Pol S, Weis N, Pockros PJ, Bourlière M, Serfaty L, Vierling JM, Fried MW, Weiland O, Brunetto MR, Everson GT, Zeuzem S, Kwo PY, Sulkowski M, Bräu N, Hernandez D, McPhee F, Wind-Rotolo M, Liu Z, Noviello S, Hughes EA, Yin PD, Schnittman S

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 25080450

Gut 2015 Jun;64(6):948-56

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of daclatasvir, an HCV NS5A inhibitor with pangenotypic activity, administered with peginterferon-alfa-2a/ribavirin.

DESIGN: In this Phase 2b double-blind, placebo-controlled study, treatment-naive adults with HCV genotype 1 (N=365) or 4 (N=30) infection were randomly assigned (2:2:1) to daclatasvir 20 mg or 60 mg, or placebo once daily plus weekly peginterferon-alfa-2a and twice-daily ribavirin. Daclatasvir recipients achieving protocol-defined response (PDR; HCV-RNA<lower limit of quantitation at Week 4 and undetectable at Week 10) were rerandomised at Week 12 to continue daclatasvir/peginterferon-alfa-2a/ribavirin for 24 weeks total duration or to placebo/peginterferon-alfa-2a/ribavirin for another 12 weeks. Patients without PDR and placebo patients continued peginterferon-alfa/ribavirin through Week 48. Primary efficacy endpoints were undetectable HCV-RNA at Weeks 4 and 12 (extended rapid virologic response, eRVR) and at 24 weeks post-treatment (sustained virologic response, SVR24) among genotype 1-infected patients.

RESULTS: Overall, eRVR was achieved by 54.4% (80/147) of genotype 1-infected patients receiving daclatasvir 20 mg, 54.1% (79/146) receiving 60 mg versus 13.9% (10/72) receiving placebo. SVR24 was achieved among 87 (59.2%), 87 (59.6%), and 27 (37.5%) patients in these groups, respectively. Higher proportions of genotype 4-infected patients receiving daclatasvir 20 mg (66.7%; 8/12) or 60 mg (100.0%; 12/12) achieved SVR24 versus placebo (50.0%; 3/6). A majority of daclatasvir-treated patients achieved PDR and experienced less virologic failure and higher SVR24 rates with a shortened 24-week treatment duration. Adverse events occurred with similar frequency across all treatment groups.

CONCLUSIONS: The combination of daclatasvir/peginterferon-alfa/ribavirin was generally well tolerated and achieved higher SVR24 rates compared with placebo/peginterferon-alfa/ribavirin among patients infected with HCV genotype 1 or 4.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01125189.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25080450