Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 18054497
Cytokine 2008 Jan;41(1):54-60
We compared blood neutrophils (PMNs) collected from healthy subjects with PMNs derived from either blood or airways collected from the same cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. When compared to healthy blood PMNs, CF blood PMNs expressed enhanced level of CD64, a marker of neutrophil activation, and lower level of Toll-like receptor-2 (TLR2). CF airway PMNs expressed enhanced level of TLR4. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) production by CF blood PMNs could be enhanced upon addition of lipopolysaccharide or peptidoglycan, and this production was inhibited by recombinant human IL-10. In contrast, CF airway PMNs released spontaneously high level of IL-8 that was neither further enhanced by microbial activators nor inhibited by recombinant human IL-10. The levels of IL-10 receptors were similar in all types of neutrophils. These data further demonstrate that circulating PMNs from CF patients display a distinct pattern of surface markers, including TLRs, as compared to PMNs from healthy donors, and that airways PMNs from CF patients are primed and resistant to anti-inflammatory signals delivered by IL-10.