Search anything and hit enter
  • Teams
  • Members
  • Projects
  • Events
  • Calls
  • Jobs
  • publications
  • Software
  • Tools
  • Network
  • Equipment

A little guide for advanced search:

  • Tip 1. You can use quotes "" to search for an exact expression.
    Example: "cell division"
  • Tip 2. You can use + symbol to restrict results containing all words.
    Example: +cell +stem
  • Tip 3. You can use + and - symbols to force inclusion or exclusion of specific words.
    Example: +cell -stem
e.g. searching for members in projects tagged cancer
Search for
Count
IN
OUT
Content 1
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Content 2
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Search
Go back
Scroll to top
Share
© Research
Publication : The Biochemical journal

Characterization of the role of dendritic cells in prion transfer to primary neurons

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Biochemical journal - 15 Oct 2010

Langevin C, Gousset K, Costanzo M, Richard-Le Goff O, Zurzolo C

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 20670217

Biochem. J. 2010 Oct;431(2):189-98

TSEs (transmissible spongiform encephalopathies) are neurodegenerative diseases caused by pathogenic isoforms (PrPSc) of the host-encoded PrPc (cellular prion protein). After consumption of contaminated food, PrPSc deposits rapidly accumulate in lymphoid tissues before invasion of the CNS (central nervous system). However, the mechanisms of prion spreading from the periphery to the nervous system are still unclear. In the present study, we investigated the role of DCs (dendritic cells) in the spreading of prion infection to neuronal cells. First, we determined that BMDCs (bone-marrow-derived DCs) rapidly uptake PrPSc after exposure to infected brain homogenate. Next, we observed a progressive catabolism of the internalized prion aggregates. Similar experiments performed with BMDCs isolated from KO (knockout) mice or mice overexpressing PrP (tga20) indicate that both PrPSc uptake and catabolism are independent of PrPc expression in these cells. Finally, using co-cultures of prion-loaded BMDCs and cerebellar neurons, we characterized the transfer of the prion protein and the resulting infection of the neuronal cultures. Interestingly, the transfer of PrPSc was triggered by direct cell-cell contact. As a consequence, BMDCs retained the prion protein when cultured alone, and no transfer to the recipient neurons was observed when a filter separated the two cultures or when neurons were exposed to the BMDC-conditioned medium. Additionally, fixed BMDCs also failed to transfer prion infectivity to neurons, suggesting an active transport of prion aggregates, in accordance with a role of TNTs (tunnelling nanotubes) observed in the co-cultures.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20670217