Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 22787219
J. Virol. 2012 Sep;86(18):10218-20
CCR5 is the major HIV-1 entry coreceptor. RANTES/CCL5 analogs are more potent inhibitors of infection than native chemokines; one class activates and internalizes CCR5, one neither activates nor internalizes, and a third partially internalizes without activation. Here we show that mutations in CCR5 transmembrane domains differentially impact the activity of these three inhibitor classes, suggesting that the transmembrane region of CCR5, a key interaction site for inhibitors, is a sensitive molecular switch, modulating receptor activity.