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© Research
Publication : Nature neuroscience

Calcium dynamics in astrocyte processes during neurovascular coupling

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Nature neuroscience - 22 Dec 2014

Otsu Y, Couchman K, Lyons DG, Collot M, Agarwal A, Mallet JM, Pfrieger FW, Bergles DE, Charpak S

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 25531572

Nat. Neurosci. 2015 Feb;18(2):210-8

Enhanced neuronal activity in the brain triggers a local increase in blood flow, termed functional hyperemia, via several mechanisms, including calcium (Ca(2+)) signaling in astrocytes. However, recent in vivo studies have questioned the role of astrocytes in functional hyperemia because of the slow and sparse dynamics of their somatic Ca(2+) signals and the absence of glutamate metabotropic receptor 5 in adults. Here, we reexamined their role in neurovascular coupling by selectively expressing a genetically encoded Ca(2+) sensor in astrocytes of the olfactory bulb. We show that in anesthetized mice, the physiological activation of olfactory sensory neuron (OSN) terminals reliably triggers Ca(2+) increases in astrocyte processes but not in somata. These Ca(2+) increases systematically precede the onset of functional hyperemia by 1-2 s, reestablishing astrocytes as potential regulators of neurovascular coupling.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25531572