Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 22766516
Eur. J. Cancer 2012 Dec;48(18):3335-41
BACKGROUND: The cross-sectional ONCOVIH study prospectively enrolled HIV-infected adults and children with newly diagnosed malignancies in France in 2006.
METHOD: We report the characteristics HIV-infected patients with breast cancer from the ONCOVIH study. Standardised questionnaires included characteristics of HIV infection and malignancy. Survival was estimated using Kaplan-Meier estimates.
RESULTS: Overall, 21 patients with breast cancer (two men and 19 women) were included with a median age of 43.8 years, (range: 30.1-65.5). At time of tumour diagnosis, the median CD4 count was 384/mm(3) (range: 180-1039) the median duration of known seropositivity 7.7 years (range: 0-20.3); 14 patients were under combined antiretroviral therapy for a median duration of 5.7 years (range: 1.1-10.6), of whom 11 had a controlled viral load (<500 copies/mL). The median tumour size was 1.8 cm (range: 1.0-7.0). In women, 17 (89.5%) had invasive ductal carcinoma, 17 (89.5%) with HER2 negative receptors, 8 (42.1%) with ER+ expression, and 7 (36.8%) with PR+ expression. A majority of women received chemotherapy (73.7%), surgery (68.4%) and radiotherapy (57.9%). Their one-year survival rate was estimated as 77.8% (95%confidence interval (CI): 58.6-97.0%).
CONCLUSIONS: We discuss the risk of breast cancer in infected patients, and the importance of taking into account the different contributing factors for breast cancer in HIV-infected individuals.