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© Research
Publication : Experimental hematology

Auto-reconstitution of the T-cell compartment by radioresistant hematopoietic cells following lethal irradiation and bone marrow transplantation

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Experimental hematology - 04 Jan 2010

Bosco N, Swee LK, Bénard A, Ceredig R, Rolink A

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 20045443

Exp. Hematol. 2010 Mar;38(3):222-232.e2

OBJECTIVE: In lethally irradiated bone marrow chimeras, part of the reconstituted T-cell compartment is derived from the irradiated host, but the detailed origin and functional activity of host-derived T cells has not been thoroughly analyzed. Herein, we determine the origin and function of radioresistant host-derived T cells.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lethally irradiated thymectomized or nonthymectomized C57BL/6 host mice were reconstituted with syngeneic bone marrow, itself incapable of generating T cells. Using fetal thymic organ cultures, bulk and limiting dilution assays on OP9-DL1 stromal cells, unambiguous cohorts of thymus-derived and peripheral T-cell-derived T cells were phenotypically characterized by flow cytometry and functionally characterized by their ability to participate in a T-cell-dependent antibody response.

RESULTS: Both thymus-derived and peripheral T-cell-derived host T cells are functional and can reconstitute 35% of the normal T-cell pool. By comparing thymectomized vs nonthymectomized hosts, host-derived T cells were shown to comprise a major (70%) subpopulation of de novo generated, thymus-derived, polyclonal, naïve cells, and a minor subpopulation of surviving, peripheral, oligoclonal, memory-like cells. Unlike euthymic recipients, mice whose T cells were derived from surviving peripheral T cells were frequently incapable of mounting a T-cell-dependent antibody response. Host-derived thymocytes regenerated in an interleukin-7-dependent fashion from conventional DN2 thymocytes and their differentiation recapitulated normal thymic ontogeny.

CONCLUSION: We characterized, for the first time, functional radioresistant DN2-phenotype thymic T-cell precursors, the T-cell progeny of which might provide a first line of defense against infections during the lymphopenic phase post-bone marrow transplantation.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20045443