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© Research
Publication : Journal of clinical microbiology

Application of sensitive and specific molecular methods to uncover global dissemination of the major RDRio Sublineage of the Latin American-Mediterranean Mycobacterium tuberculosis spoligotype family

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of clinical microbiology - 30 Jan 2008

Gibson AL, Huard RC, Gey van Pittius NC, Lazzarini LC, Driscoll J, Kurepina N, Zozio T, Sola C, Spindola SM, Kritski AL, Fitzgerald D, Kremer K, Mardassi H, Chitale P, Brinkworth J, Garcia de Viedma D, Gicquel B, Pape JW, van Soolingen D, Kreiswirth BN, Warren RM, van Helden PD, Rastogi N, Suffys PN, Lapa e Silva J, Ho JL

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 18234868

J. Clin. Microbiol. 2008 Apr;46(4):1259-67

The Latin American-Mediterranean (LAM) family of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is believed to be the cause of approximately 15% of tuberculosis cases worldwide. Previously, we defined a prevalent sublineage of the LAM family in Brazil by a single characteristic genomic deletion designated RD(Rio). Using the Brazilian strains, we pinpoint an Ag85C(103) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (screened by restriction fragment length polymorphism [RFLP] analysis) that correctly identified all LAM family strains. Importantly, all RD(Rio) strains concomitantly possessed the RD174 deletion. These genetic signatures, along with a newly developed multiplex PCR for rapid differentiation between “wild-type” and RD(Rio) strains, were then used to analyze an international collection of M. tuberculosis strains. RD(Rio) M. tuberculosis was identified from four continents involving 11 countries. Phylogenetic analysis of the IS6110-RFLP patterns from representative RD(Rio) and LAM strains from Brazil, along with all representative clusters from a South African database, confirmed their genetic relatedness and transcontinental transmission. The Ag85C(103) SNP RFLP, as compared to results obtained using a PCR method targeting a LAM-restricted IS6110 element, correctly identified 99.8% of LAM spoligotype strains. Together, these tests were more accurate than spoligotyping at categorizing strains with indefinable spoligotypes and segregated true LAM strains from those with convergent spoligotypes. The fact that RD(Rio) strains were identified worldwide highlights the importance of this LAM family sublineage and suggests that this strain is a global threat that should be specifically targeted by public health resources. Our provision of simple and robust molecular methods will assist the evaluation of the LAM family and the RD(Rio) sublineage.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18234868