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© Research
Publication : Scientific reports

Anti-HIV microRNA expression in a novel Indian cohort

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Scientific reports - 20 Jun 2016

Dey R, Soni K, Saravanan S, Balakrishnan P, Kumar V, Boobalan J, Solomon SS, Scaria V, Solomon S, Brahmachari SK, Pillai B

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 27320691

Sci Rep 2016;6:28279

HIV-1 replication inside host cells is known to be regulated by various host factors. Host miRNAs, by virtue of its normal functioning, also regulate HIV-1 RNA expression by either directly targeting virus mRNAs or indirectly by regulating host proteins that HIV-1 uses for own replication. Therefore, it is highly possible that with differential miRNA expression, rate of disease progression will vary in HIV-1 infected individuals. In this study we have compared expression of a panel of 13 reported anti-HIV miRNAs in human PBMCs from long term non progressors (LTNPs), regular progressors and rapid progressors. We found that LTNPs have substantial lower expression of miR-382-5p that positively correlates with viral loads. Combinatorial regulation is highly probable in dictating differential disease progression as average expression of miR-382-5p and miR-155-5p can substantially distinguish LTNP individuals from regular progressors.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27320691