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© Research
Publication : Vaccine

Adjuvant activity of Mycobacterium bovis BCG expressing CRM197 on the immune response induced by BCG expressing tetanus toxin fragment C

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Vaccine - 26 Jan 2004

Mazzantini RP, Miyaji EN, Dias WO, Sakauchi D, Nascimento AL, Raw I, Winter N, Gicquel B, Rappuoli R, Leite LC

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 14741167

Vaccine 2004 Jan;22(5-6):740-6

In order to develop a combined recombinant Mycobacterium bovis BCG (rBCG) vaccine against diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus (DPT), we have constructed different strains of rBCG expressing tetanus toxin fragment C (FC), driven by the up-regulated M. fortuitum beta-lactamase promoter, pBlaF*. Tetanus toxin FC was expressed in comparable levels in native form or in fusion with the beta-lactamase exportation signal sequence; however, in both constructs it was localized to the cytosol. Immunization of mice with rBCG-FC or its combination with rBCG expressing CRM197, induced anti-tetanus toxin antibodies with a Th2 immunoglobulin profile. Administration of a subimmunizing dose of the diphtheria-tetanus toxoid vaccine showed that rBCG-FC primed mice for production of an intense humoral response. Interestingly, the combination of rBCG-FC and rBCG-CRM197 reduced the time required for maturation of the immune response and increased anti-tetanus toxin antibody levels, suggesting adjuvant properties for rBCG-CRM197; this combination induced 75% protection in mice challenged with 100 minimum lethal doses (MLD) of tetanus toxin. Antisera from guinea pigs immunized with this combination were shown to neutralize tetanus toxin and diphtheria toxin. Our results suggest reciprocal adjuvant effects of rBCG-FC and rBCG-CRM197, which may contribute to induction of a more effective immune response against both diseases.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14741167