Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12393194
FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 2002 Sep;215(1):7-14
Escherichia coli 0157:H7 biofilms were studied by a new method of cultivation in order to identify some of the proteins involved in the biofilm phenotype. A proteomic analysis of sessile or planktonic bacteria of the same age was carried out by two-dimensional electrophoresis, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) and database searching. Comparison of two-dimensional gels showed clear differences between protein patterns of sessile and planktonic cells. Fourteen proteins increased in biofilms, whereas three decreased. From these 17 proteins, 10 were identified by MALDI-TOF-MS and could be classified into four categories according to their function: (1) general metabolism proteins (malate dehydrogenase, thiamine-phosphate pyrophosphorylase), (2) sugar and amino acid transporters (D-ribose-binding periplasmic protein, D-galactose-binding protein, YBEJ), (3) regulator proteins (DNA starvation protein and H-NS) and (4) three proteins with unknown function. The results of this study showed that E. coli O157:H7 modified the expression of several proteins involved in biofilm growth mode.