Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 19918096
Antivir. Ther. (Lond.) 2009;14(7):923-9
BACKGROUND: Lopinavir is a potent protease inhibitor (PI) used for the treatment of HIV infection. Different lopinavir target trough concentrations (C(troughs)) were previously determined according to patient treatment histories: 1 mg/l for PI-naive patients, and 4 and 5.7 mg/l for PI-experienced patients. However, the probability to achieve these target C(troughs) with the current 400 mg twice-daily or 800 mg once-daily doses of the new tablet form, and the influence of body weight on this probability are unknown.
METHODS: A population pharmacokinetic model for lopinavir was developed using data from 424 HIV type-1-infected patients, and the final model was used to estimate the probability to achieve target C(troughs) via Monte Carlo simulations.
RESULTS: A one-compartment model adequately described the data. Mean population estimates (percentage interindividual variability) were 4.61 l/h (36%) for apparent clearance (CL/F) and 63.2 l (70%) for apparent distribution volume. Body weight was found to explain the interindividual variability of lopinavir CL/F. Probability to achieve the 1 mg/l target C(trough) was >96% for the twice-daily dose and comprised between 80% and 90% for the once-daily dose. The probability to achieve the 4 and 5.7 mg/l target C(troughs) with the twice-daily dose significantly decreased when body weight increased (from 76% to 61% and from 56% to 37% respectively, for body weights increasing from 50 to 90 kg).
CONCLUSIONS: These results support lopinavir therapeutic drug monitoring and the use of higher lopinavir doses for PI-pretreated patients.