Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 7822021
Infect. Immun. 1995 Feb;63(2):554-62
We have previously shown that Plasmodium falciparum recombinant antigens PfEB200, R23, and Pfi72 inhibit opsonization of infected erythrocytes by hyperimmune Saimiri sera, indicating that they contain target epitopes involved in the phagocytosis of infected erythrocytes. We have investigated in this study the immune response of Saimiri monkeys with previous experience of malaria infections (preimmune monkeys) after injection of these recombinant antigens, administered alone or simultaneously. The humoral response to the recombinant antigens was monitored by radioimmunoassay, and the response to P. falciparum blood stages was assayed by immunofluorescence. The relative proportion of protective versus nonprotective immunoglobulin subtypes was investigated by using 3A2/G6 and 3E4/H8 monoclonal antibodies, and the capacity of the antisera to promote in vitro phagocytosis of infected erythrocytes was evaluated. The antigens evoked in most cases a secondary-type antibody response, resulting in important increases in antigen-specific antibody titers and concomitantly in anti-P. falciparum titers. The ratio of 3A2/G6 to 3E4/H8 immunoglobulin subtypes varied with the immunogen used. Opsonizing antibodies were boosted in several animals, the most promising combination being the mixture of PfEB200 and R23 that induced long-lasting production in five of five animals. The detectable opsonizing activity appearing after immunization of the animals was antigen specific, as it was lost after adsorption of the recombinant antigens. The challenge of the animals with blood stage parasites confirmed previous findings showing a correlation between the presence of detectable opsonizing antibodies in serum and protection.