Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 2540059
Genes Dev. 1989 Jan;3(1):38-48
The papilloma virus E2 transcriptional trans-activator is representative of a class of transcriptional modulators that activate transcription through direct binding to cis-acting DNA sequences. In this study we measured the capacity for this mammalian virus factor to function in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. When expressed in the yeast, the bovine papilloma virus E2 trans-activator could stimulate transcription from a yeast promoter having E2 DNA-binding sites present in cis. Whereas a single E2 DNA-binding site was sufficient for trans-activation, a strong cooperative effect was observed with two E2 DNA-binding sites. The level of trans-activation was dependent on the position of the E2 DNA-binding sites in relation to the yeast promoter, with the maximal effect demonstrated when the binding sites were positioned upstream. Deleted E2 proteins, lacking part of the trans-activation or DNA-binding domains, failed to activate transcription in yeast, similar to their behavior in mammalian cells. Replacement of the amino-terminal region of the E2 trans-activation domain with a synthetic amphipathic helix partially restored the trans-activation function; however, it did not result in a molecule that exhibited cooperativity between neighboring E2 DNA-binding sites.