ACS Chem. Biol. 2020, 15, 2872-2884
The expansion of the genetic alphabet with additional, unnatural base pairs (UBPs) is an important and long-standing goal in synthetic biology. Nucleotides acting as ligands for the coordination of metal
cations have advanced as promising candidates for such an expansion of the genetic alphabet. However, the inclusion of artificial metal base pairs in nucleic acids mainly relies on solid-phase synthesis approaches, and very little is known about polymerase-mediated synthesis. Herein, we report the
selective and high yielding enzymatic construction of a silver-mediated base pair (dImC−Ag(I)
−dPurP) as well as a two-step protocol for the synthesis of DNA duplexes containing such an artificial metal base pair. Guided by DFT calculations, we also shed light into the mechanism of formation of this artificial base pair as well as into the structural and energetic preferences. The enzymatic synthesis of the dImC−Ag(I) −dPurP artificial metal base pair provides valuable insights for the design of future, more potent systems aiming at expanding the genetic alphabet.