Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 9630170
J. Neuroimmunol. 1998 May;85(2):212-9
The Th1-like cytokines, interleukin 2 (IL-2), interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), and lymphotoxin alpha (LT-alpha) have been implicated in the immunopathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of immune mediated demyelination. These cytokines have been associated with opening of the blood brain barrier (BBB) in EAE and in vitro, but not in MS. We used an enzyme-linked immunospot (ELI-spot) assay to measure relative numbers of cytokine-secreting peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from eight MS patients who were followed with serial monthly contrast-enhanced head magnetic resonance imagings (MRI) and phlebotomy. We found a significant positive correlation between changes in IL-2 secreting cells and MRI lesions over a 6-month time period. There was a weaker association between contrast-enhancing MRI lesions and IFN-gamma or LT-alpha secreting cells. These data are the first to show a significant positive correlation between any cytokine and serial gadolinium (Gd-) MRI disease activity in MS patients. The association between IFN-gamma and LT-alpha secretion and MRI lesions is less clear.