Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 2015302
Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1991 Mar;1088(3):401-8
We report the sequences of three cDNAs encoding the two subunits (CA and CB) of crotoxin, a neurotoxic phospholipase A2 from the venom of the South-American rattlesnake Crotalus durissus terrificus. CB is a basic and toxic phospholipase A2 and CA is an acidic, non toxic and non enzymatic three chain containing protein which enhances the lethal potency of CB. Two cDNAs encoding precursors of CB isoforms have been isolated from a cDNA library prepared from one venom gland. Both precursors are made of the same 16 residues signal peptide followed by a polypeptide of 122 amino acid residues. The two mature sequences differ from each other at eight positions and are in good agreement with the previous polypeptide sequence reported for CB. In the case of CA, the cDNA encodes a signal peptide identical to those found in CB precursors, followed by a polypeptide of 122 amino acids clearly homologous to phospholipases A2 and including three regions which correspond to the three chains of mature CA. This demonstrates that CA is generated from a phospholipase A2-like precursor, called pro-CA, by the removal of three peptides, leaving unchanged the molecule core cross-linked by disulfide bridges. The 5′-untranslated tracts of cDNAs encoding CA and CB are nearly identical and the 3′-untranslated tracts are very similar, suggesting that the mRNAs encoding the two crotoxin subunits may result from the alternative splicing of a single gene or from the existence of a recent gene conversion. Data have been analysed in light of recent results on other phospholipases A2 from different origins.