Enteric Bacterial Pathogenes Unit
Vibrios and Cholera Reference Center
“Le Choléra…. une vraie peste ! (au-delà des livres d’histoires…)”
Described since Antiquity, plague and cholera are part of worst diseases in humankind’s history. They have deeply affected European populations and left behind them several million of victims and a feeling of terror in popular consciousness.
Often considered as forgotten diseases, it is the explosive epidemic in late 2010 in Haiti which reminded to the world that the cholera still was a major life-threatening disease. Nevertheless it never stopped raging since its spreading all over the world from its original reservoir in the Ganges delta in India, in 1816, and always had a massive impact in many countries, especially Africa and Southeast Asia, killing each year thousands of people among 4 million estimated cases. Cholera, a very contemporary disease, is steadily increasing since the last century and was declared in 2011 a global public health priority by the World Health Assembly.