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© Research
Publication : Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)

Unconventional effects of UVA radiation on cell cycle progression in S. pombe

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) - 04 Dec 2007

Dardalhon D, Angelin AR, Baldacci G, Sage E, Francesconi S

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 18256544

Cell Cycle 2008 Mar;7(5):611-22

UVA radiation, the most abundant solar UV radiation reaching Earth’s surface, induces oxidative stress through formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can damage different cell components. Because of the broad spectrum of the possible targets of ROS, the cellular response to this radiation is complex. While extensive studies have allowed dissecting the effects of UVB, UVC and gamma radiations on cell cycle progression, few studies have dealt with the effect of UVA so far. Here we use Schizosaccharomyces pombe as a model organism to study biological effects of UVA radiation in living organisms. Through analysis of cell cycle progression in different mutant backgrounds we demonstrate that UVA delays cell cycle progression in G(2) cells in a dose dependent manner. However, despite Chk1 phosphorylation and in contrast to treatments with others genotoxic agents, this cell cycle delay is only partially dependent on DNA integrity checkpoint pathway. We also demonstrate that UVA irradiation of S phase cells slows down DNA replication in a checkpoint independent manner, activates Chk1 to prevent entry into abnormal mitosis and induces formation of Rad22 (homologue to human Rad52) foci. This indicates that DNA structure integrity is challenged. Furthermore, the cell cycle delay observed in checkpoint mutants exposed to UVA is not abolished when stress response pathway is inactivated or when down regulation of protein synthesis is prevented. In conclusion, fission yeast is a useful model to dissect the fundamental molecular mechanisms involved in UVA response that may contribute to skin cancer and aging.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18256544