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© Research
Publication : Journal of hepatology

Triple therapy in treatment-experienced patients with HCV-cirrhosis in a multicentre cohort of the French Early Access Programme (ANRS CO20-CUPIC) – NCT01514890

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of hepatology - 10 May 2013

Hézode C, Fontaine H, Dorival C, Larrey D, Zoulim F, Canva V, de Ledinghen V, Poynard T, Samuel D, Bourlière M, Zarski JP, Raabe JJ, Alric L, Marcellin P, Riachi G, Bernard PH, Loustaud-Ratti V, Métivier S, Tran A, Serfaty L, Abergel A, Causse X, Di Martino V, Guyader D, Lucidarme D, Grando-Lemaire V, Hillon P, Feray C, Dao T, Cacoub P, Rosa I, Attali P, Petrov-Sanchez V, Barthe Y, Pawlotsky JM, Pol S, Carrat F, Bronowicki JP,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 23669289

J. Hepatol. 2013 Sep;59(3):434-41

BACKGROUND & AIMS: In phase III trials, the safety profile of triple therapy (pegylated interferon/ribavirin with boceprevir or telaprevir) seems to be similar in HCV treatment-experienced cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients, but few cirrhotics were included. We report the week 16 safety and efficacy analysis in a cohort of compensated cirrhotics treated in the French Early Access Programme.

METHODS: 674 genotype 1 patients, prospectively included, received 48 weeks of triple therapy. The analysis is restricted to 497 patients reaching week 16.

RESULTS: A high incidence of serious adverse events (40.0%), and of death and severe complications (severe infection or hepatic decompensation) (6.4%), and a difficult management of anaemia (erythropoietin and transfusion use in 50.7% and 12.1%) were observed. Independent predictors of anaemia < 8 g/dl or blood transfusion were: female gender (OR 2.19, 95% CI 1.11-4.33, p=0.024), no lead-in phase (OR 2.25, 95% CI 1.15-4.39, p=0.018), age ≥ 65 years (OR 3.04, 95% CI 1.54-6.02, p=0.0014), haemoglobin level (≤ 12 g/dl for females, ≤ 13 g/dl for males) (OR 5.30, 95% CI 2.49-11.5, p=0.0001). Death or severe complications were related to platelets count ≤ 100,000/mm(3) (OR 3.11, 95% CI 1.30-7.41, p=0.0105) and albumin <35 g/dl (OR 6.33, 95% CI 2.66-15.07, p=0.0001), with a risk of 44.1% in patients with both. However, the on-treatment virological response was high.

CONCLUSIONS: The safety profile was poor and patients with platelet count ≤ 100,000/mm(3) and serum albumin <35 g/L should not be treated with the triple therapy.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23669289