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© Serge Bonnefoy et Monica Diez Silva
Révélation par immunofluorescence de la présence de la protéine Pf155/RESA dans les globules rouges infectés par Plasmodium falciparum.
Publication : PLoS biology

The Wnt receptor Ryk reduces neuronal and cell survival capacity by repressing FOXO activity during the early phases of mutant huntingtin pathogenicity

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in PLoS biology - 24 Jun 2014

Tourette C, Farina F, Vazquez-Manrique RP, Orfila AM, Voisin J, Hernandez S, Offner N, Parker JA, Menet S, Kim J, Lyu J, Choi SH, Cormier K, Edgerly CK, Bordiuk OL, Smith K, Louise A, Halford M, Stacker S, Vert JP, Ferrante RJ, Lu W, Neri C

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 24960609

PLoS Biol. 2014 Jun;12(6):e1001895

The Wnt receptor Ryk is an evolutionary-conserved protein important during neuronal differentiation through several mechanisms, including γ-secretase cleavage and nuclear translocation of its intracellular domain (Ryk-ICD). Although the Wnt pathway may be neuroprotective, the role of Ryk in neurodegenerative disease remains unknown. We found that Ryk is up-regulated in neurons expressing mutant huntingtin (HTT) in several models of Huntington’s disease (HD). Further investigation in Caenorhabditis elegans and mouse striatal cell models of HD provided a model in which the early-stage increase of Ryk promotes neuronal dysfunction by repressing the neuroprotective activity of the longevity-promoting factor FOXO through a noncanonical mechanism that implicates the Ryk-ICD fragment and its binding to the FOXO co-factor β-catenin. The Ryk-ICD fragment suppressed neuroprotection by lin-18/Ryk loss-of-function in expanded-polyQ nematodes, repressed FOXO transcriptional activity, and abolished β-catenin protection of mutant htt striatal cells against cell death vulnerability. Additionally, Ryk-ICD was increased in the nucleus of mutant htt cells, and reducing γ-secretase PS1 levels compensated for the cytotoxicity of full-length Ryk in these cells. These findings reveal that the Ryk-ICD pathway may impair FOXO protective activity in mutant polyglutamine neurons, suggesting that neurons are unable to efficiently maintain function and resist disease from the earliest phases of the pathogenic process in HD.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24960609