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© Research
Publication : Cellular microbiology

The SPI-2 type III secretion system restricts motility of Salmonella-containing vacuoles

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Cellular microbiology - 07 Jun 2007

Ramsden AE, Mota LJ, Münter S, Shorte SL, Holden DW

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 17578517

Cell. Microbiol. 2007 Oct;9(10):2517-29

Intracellular replication of Salmonella enterica occurs in membrane-bound compartments, called Salmonella-containing vacuoles (SCVs). Following invasion of epithelial cells, most SCVs migrate to a perinuclear region and replicate in close association with the Golgi network. The association of SCVs with the Golgi is dependent on the Salmonella-pathogenicity island-2 (SPI-2) type III secretion system (T3SS) effectors SseG, SseF and SifA. However, little is known about the dynamics of SCV movement. Here, we show that in epithelial cells, 2 h were required for migration of the majority of SCVs to within 5 microm from the microtubule organizing centre (MTOC), which is located in the same subcellular region as the Golgi network. This initial SCV migration was saltatory, bidirectional and microtubule-dependent. An intact Golgi, SseG and SPI-2 T3SS were dispensable for SCV migration to the MTOC, but were essential for maintenance of SCVs in that region. Live-cell imaging between 4 and 8 h post invasion revealed that the majority of wild-type SCVs displaced less than 2 microm in 20 min from their initial starting positions. In contrast, between 6 and 8 h post invasion the majority of vacuoles containing sseG, sseF or ssaV mutant bacteria displaced more than 2 microm in 20 min from their initial starting positions, with some undergoing large and dramatic movements. Further analysis of the movement of SCVs revealed that large displacements were a result of increased SCV speed rather than a change in their directionality, and that SseG influences SCV motility by restricting vacuole speed within the MTOC/Golgi region. SseG might function by tethering SCVs to Golgi-associated molecules, or by controlling microtubule motors, for example by inhibiting kinesin recruitment or promoting dynein recruitment.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17578517