Search anything and hit enter
  • Teams
  • Members
  • Projects
  • Events
  • Calls
  • Jobs
  • publications
  • Software
  • Tools
  • Network
  • Equipment

A little guide for advanced search:

  • Tip 1. You can use quotes "" to search for an exact expression.
    Example: "cell division"
  • Tip 2. You can use + symbol to restrict results containing all words.
    Example: +cell +stem
  • Tip 3. You can use + and - symbols to force inclusion or exclusion of specific words.
    Example: +cell -stem
e.g. searching for members in projects tagged cancer
Search for
Count
IN
OUT
Content 1
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Department Manager
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Content 2
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Department Manager
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Search
Go back
Scroll to top
Share
© Uwe Maskos
Tranche d'hippocampe de souris colorée avec deux toxines spécifiques de sous-types de récepteur nicotinique, en rouge (grains), et en vert (corps cellulaires). L'hippocampe est la zone du cerveau qui gère la mémoire spatiale.
Publication : Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.)

The Role of the Non-neuronal Cholinergic System in Inflammation and Degradation Processes in Osteoarthritis.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.) - 01 Dec 2020

Courties A, Do A, Leite S, Legris M, Sudre L, Pigenet A, Petit J, Nourissat G, Cambon-Binder A, Maskos U, Berenbaum F, Sellam J,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 32638534

Link to DOI – 10.1002/art.41429

Arthritis Rheumatol 2020 12; 72(12): 2072-2082

The non-neuronal cholinergic system represents non-neuronal cells that have the biochemical machinery to synthetize de novo and/or respond to acetylcholine (ACh). We undertook this study to investigate this biochemical machinery in chondrocytes and its involvement in osteoarthritis (OA).Expression of the biochemical machinery for ACh metabolism and nicotinic ACh receptors (nAChR), particularly α7-nAChR, in human OA and murine chondrocytes was determined by polymerase chain reaction and ligand-binding. We investigated the messenger RNA expression of the human duplicate α7-nACh subunit, called CHRFAM7A, which is responsible for truncated α7-nAChR. We assessed the effect of nAChR on chondrocytes activated by interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and the involvement of α7-nAChR using chondrocytes from wild-type (WT) and α7-deficient Chrna7-/- mice. The role of α7-nAChR in OA was explored after medial meniscectomy in WT and Chrna7-/- mice.Human and murine chondrocytes express the biochemical partners of the non-neuronal cholinergic system and a functional α7-nAChR at their cell surface (n = 5 experiments with 5 samples each). The expression of CHRFAM7A in human OA chondrocytes (n = 23 samples) correlated positively with matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3) (r = 0.38, P < 0.05) and MMP-13 (r = 0.48, P < 0.05) expression. Nicotine decreased the IL-1β-induced IL-6 and MMP expression, in a dose-dependent manner, in WT chondrocytes but not in Chrna7-/- chondrocytes. Chrna7-/- mice that underwent meniscectomy (n = 7) displayed more severe OA cartilage damage (mean ± SD Osteoarthritis Research Society International [OARSI] score 4.46 ± 1.09) compared to WT mice that underwent meniscectomy (n = 9) (mean ± SD OARSI score 3.05 ± 0.9; P < 0.05).The non-neuronal cholinergic system is functionally expressed in chondrocytes. Stimulation of nAChR induces antiinflammatory and anticatabolic activity through α7-nAChR, but the anticatabolic activity may be mitigated by truncated α7-nAChR in human chondrocytes. In vivo experiments strongly suggest that α7-nAChR has a protective role in OA.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32638534