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© Christine Schmitt, Meriem El Ghachi, Jean-Marc Panaud
Bactérie Helicobacter pylori en microscopie électronique à balayage. Agent causal de pathologies de l'estomac : elle est responsable des gastrites chroniques, d'ulcères gastriques et duodénaux et elle joue un rôle important dans la genèse des cancers gastriques (adénocarcinomes et lymphomes).
Publication : Cellular microbiology

The innate immune molecule, NOD1, regulates direct killing of Helicobacter pylori by antimicrobial peptides

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Cellular microbiology - 21 Dec 2009

Grubman A, Kaparakis M, Viala J, Allison C, Badea L, Karrar A, Boneca IG, Le Bourhis L, Reeve S, Smith IA, Hartland EL, Philpott DJ, Ferrero RL

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 20039881

Cell. Microbiol. 2010 May;12(5):626-39

The cytosolic innate immune molecule, NOD1, recognizes peptidoglycan (PG) delivered to epithelial cells via the Helicobacter pylori cag pathogenicity island (cagPAI), and has been implicated in host defence against cagPAI(+)H. pylori bacteria. To further clarify the role of NOD1 in host defence, we investigated NOD1-dependent regulation of human beta-defensins (DEFBs) in two epithelial cell lines. Our findings identify that NOD1 activation, via either cagPAI(+) bacteria or internalized PG, was required for DEFB4 and DEFB103 expression in HEK293 cells. To investigate cell type-specific induction of DEFB4 and DEFB103, we generated stable NOD1’knockdown’ (KD) and control AGS cells. Reporter gene assay and RT-PCR analyses revealed that only DEFB4 was induced in an NOD1-/cagPAI-dependent fashion in AGS cells. Moreover, culture supernatants from AGS control, but not AGS NOD1 KD cells, stimulated with cagPAI(+)H. pylori, significantly reduced H. pylori bacterial numbers. siRNA studies confirmed that human beta-defensin 2 (hBD-2), but not hBD-3, contributes to the antimicrobial activity of AGS cell supernatants against H. pylori. This study demonstrates, for the first time, the involvement of NOD1 and hBD-2 in direct killing of H. pylori bacteria by epithelial cells and confirms the importance of NOD1 in host defence mechanisms against cagPAI(+)H. pylori infection.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20039881