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© Research
Publication : European annals of otorhinolaryngology, head and neck diseases

The French National Cochlear Implant Registry (EPIIC): Cochlear implantation in adults over 65years old.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in European annals of otorhinolaryngology, head and neck diseases - 01 Sep 2020

Mosnier I, Ferrary E, Aubry K, Bordure P, Bozorg-Grayeli A, Deguine O, Eyermann C, Franco-Vidal V, Godey B, Guevara N, Karkas A, Klopp N, Labrousse M, Lebreton JP, Lerosey Y, Lescanne E, Loundon N, Marianowski R, Merklen F, Mezouaghi K, Mom T, Moreau S, Noël-Petroff N, Parietti-Winkler C, Piller P, Poncet C, Radafy E, Roman S, Roux-Vaillard S, Schmerber S, Tavernier L, Truy E, Vincent C, Sterkers O,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 32773333

Link to DOI – S1879-7296(20)30177-010.1016/j.anorl.2020.07.011

Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2020 Sep; 137 Suppl 1(): S19-S25

To analyze the performance of cochlear implants in French patients aged 65 and over, implanted between 2012 and 2016, using data from the French national registry for cochlear implants (EPIIC).The French national registry incorporates patient data from before implantation and for three years after implantation, stratified in different age groups (18-39, 40-64years, 65-74years and>75years). Here, we assessed the latter two categories. Hearing was assessed using mono- and disyllabic words in a silent background. The Category of Auditory Performance (CAP) scale was also implemented and subjects took the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (Aphab) questionnaire.The population aged over 65 accounted for 38% (n=1193) of the 3178 adult implanted patients. The performance for mono- and disyllabic words in silence, the CAP scores and the APHAB questionnaire answers for ease of communication, background noise and reverberation were dramatically improved at one year post-implantation (P<0.0001 for each score) and remained stable between one and three years thereafter. The percentage improvement was similar across all age groups. The scores for loud-noise intolerance did not change after cochlear implantation in any age group.Cochlear implants improve hearing and communication in subjects aged 65 and over, with comparable efficiency to that achieved in younger subjects. Cochlear implantation should thus be proposed whenever hearing aids provide only limited benefit. However, between 2012 and 2016, cochlear implantation was given to less than 1% of the French population aged 65 and over with profound deafness.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32773333