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© Research
Publication : European annals of otorhinolaryngology, head and neck diseases

The French National Cochlear Implant Registry (EPIIC): Cochlear explantation and reimplantation.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in European annals of otorhinolaryngology, head and neck diseases - 01 Sep 2020

Hermann R, Coudert A, Aubry K, Bordure P, Bozorg-Grayeli A, Deguine O, Eyermann C, Franco-Vidal V, Godey B, Guevara N, Karkas A, Klopp N, Labrousse M, Lebreton JP, Lerosey Y, Lescanne E, Loundon N, Marianowski R, Merklen F, Mezouaghi K, Mom T, Moreau S, Mosnier I, Noël-Petroff N, Parietti-Winkler C, Piller P, Poncet C, Radafy E, Roman S, Roux-Vaillard S, Schmerber S, Tavernier L, Vincent C, Truy E,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 32826202

Link to DOI – S1879-7296(20)30172-110.1016/j.anorl.2020.07.006

Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2020 Sep; 137 Suppl 1(): S45-S49

This study aims to determine the frequency and causes of cochlear explants with re-implantation (ERI) after 5 years’ follow up of the patients included in the French national EPIIC (étude post-inscription des implants cochléaires) registry tracking patients with cochlear implantation. This multicenter, descriptive prospective study was conducted on 5051 patients enrolled in the EPIIC database between January 2012 and December 2016. Ninety-five patients (1.9%) received a primary implant and an ERI during the study. Of these, four benefitted from two ERIs. The number of ERIs was significantly higher in the pediatric population than among adults. The explantation and reimplantation were performed simultaneously in 86% of cases. The reasons for explantation were: in 46.4% of cases linked to a malfunction of the implant, and in 39.3% of cases for medical or surgical reasons. The number of electrodes inserted was significantly higher after the ERI than after the first implantation. There was just one post-ERI infection for these 95 explanted and re-implanted patients. As well as explantation with reimplantation rarely being necessary, it generally presents no major surgical difficulty and in most cases it allows a better integration than in the first implantation.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32826202