Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 7537154
J Immunother Emphasis Tumor Immunol 1995 Jan;17(1):30-8
Electrochemotherapy is an antitumor treatment that combines a cytotoxic drug with the local administration of electric pulses delivered at the tumor site. We previously found that in mice the cure rate of subcutaneous transplanted tumors treated by electrochemotherapy is increased by repeated systemic interleukin-2 (IL-2) injections. Moreover, histoincompatible cells engineered to secrete IL-2 allow the rejection of syngeneic tumor cells when both cells are inoculated together. In this study of preestablished tumors in mice we show that after electrochemotherapy, delayed peritumoral injections of histoincompatible IL-2-producing cells result in the cure of almost all the tumors. Moreover, this combined local treatment leads to cures of untreated, contralaterally transplanted tumors. This systemic antitumor immunity also resulted in complete protection of the cured mice against further inocula of the tumor cells. These results, which were obtained using allogeneic as well as xenogeneic IL-2-secreting cells, suggest that electrochemotherapy combined with such cellular immunotherapy might be a useful approach for the treatment of metastasizing cancers.