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© Research
Publication : Annales de microbiologie

Studies on culture conditions of Bordetella pertussis and relationship to immunogenicity of vaccines

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Annales de microbiologie - 01 Jul 1984

Bellalou J, Relyveld EH

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 6095715

Ann. Microbiol. (Paris) 1984 Jul-Aug;135B(1):101-10

Conditions for growing Bordetella pertussis bacteria in fermentors were studied for the purpose of producing highly protective vaccines. Bacteria with high protective potency were obtained in fermentors when the inoculum consisted of a dense suspension of young B. pertussis cells grown on Bordet-Gengou agar plates. When the time of cultivation in fermentors exceeded 30 h, bacteria harvested showed lower protective potency activity and lower levels of histamine sensitizing factor (HSF) and leukocytosis promoting factor (LPF), indicating that the optimal time for collection is at the end of the logarithmic growth phase. In fermentors, the ATP concentration in the bacterial cells increased from the time of inoculation until the end of the logarithmic growth phase. At the late logarithmic growth phase, the amounts of ATP, HSF, LPF and protective antigen declined rapidly. ATP kinetics thus provides a way of predicting the immunogenicity of vaccines. These results may be applicable to the production of vaccines exhibiting high protective activity at low bacterial concentrations, and to the preparation of soluble vaccines resulting from high-yield extraction of protective antigens. A correlation between the potency and LPF activity of vaccines was established for use in the rapid screening of vaccines for protective activity.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6095715