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© Valérie Choumet
Mosquitoes were orally infected with the chikungunya virus. Midguts were dissected at day 5 post-infection, fixed and permeabilised. Virus is shown in red (anti-E2 protein, cyanine 3), the actin network in green (phalloidin 548) and nuclei in blue (DAPI).
Publication : Molecular pharmacology

Structural analysis of the activation of ribavirin analogs by NDP kinase: comparison with other ribavirin targets

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Molecular pharmacology - 01 Mar 2003

Gallois-Montbrun S, Chen Y, Dutartre H, Sophys M, Morera S, Guerreiro C, Schneider B, Mulard L, Janin J, Veron M, Deville-Bonne D, Canard B

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12606760

Mol. Pharmacol. 2003 Mar;63(3):538-46

Ribavirin used in therapies against hepatitis C virus (HCV) is potentially efficient against other viruses but presents a high cytotoxicity. Several ribavirin triphosphate analogs modified on the ribose moiety were synthesized and tested in vitro on the RNA polymerases of HCV, phage T7, and HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. Modified nucleotides with 2′-deoxy, 3′-deoxy, 2′,3′-dideoxy, 2′,3′-dideoxy-2′,3′-dehydro, and 2′,3′-epoxy-ribose inhibited the HCV enzyme but not the other two polymerases. They were also analyzed as substrates for nucleoside diphosphate (NDP) kinase, the enzyme responsible for the last step of the cellular activation of antiviral nucleoside analogs. An X-ray structure of NDP kinase complexed with ribavirin triphosphate was determined. It demonstrates that the analog binds as a normal substrate despite the modified base and confirms the crucial role of the 3′-hydroxyl group in the phosphorylation reaction. The 3′-hydroxyl is required for inhibition of the initiation step of RNA synthesis by HCV polymerase, and both sugar hydroxyls must be present to inhibit elongation. The 2’deoxyribavirin is the only derivative efficient in vitro against HCV polymerase and properly activated by NDP kinase.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12606760