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© Research
Publication : European journal of immunology

Strong serum inhibition of specific IgE correlated to competing IgG4, revealed by a new methodology in subjects from a S. mansoni endemic area

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in European journal of immunology - 01 Aug 1992

Rihet P, Demeure CE, Dessein AJ, Bourgois A

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 1639104

Eur. J. Immunol. 1992 Aug;22(8):2063-70

A method allowing the immunopurification of human IgE from small volumes of sera with a yield close to 100% (mean = 97.8%; SEM = 0.7) has been developed. The immunopurification eluates were cleared of other class antibodies that could compete with IgE in specific assays. Immunopurification of IgE followed by specific IgE enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) (IMMEL) was then applied to sera of 160 individuals from an area endemic for Schistosoma mansoni. In comparison with radioimmunosorbent test (RAST) and ELISA performed on unfractionated sera, IMMEL provided the highest specific IgE signals. Furthermore, the best correlations between the specific IgE levels and either the specific basophil histamine release levels (r = 0.84; p less than 10(-4) or the anti-S. mansoni skin test values (r = 0.45; p = 10(-4)) were obtained with IMMEL. Measurement of anti-S. mansoni IgE levels in immunopurified fractions and in unfractionated sera of these 160 individuals revealed a strong serum inhibition (geometric means of 98.6% and 96.8% for the adult worms and the larvae, respectively) of the specific IgE reactivity in ELISA. This inhibition was correlated with the anti-adult worm and anti-larval IgG4 levels (r = 0.65; p less than 10(-4) and r = 0.58; p less than 10(-4), respectively). In contrast, this inhibition did not correlate with the specific IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgM levels. Furthermore, the level of specific IgG4 was clearly lower than that of specific IgG1, suggesting that the major contribution of IgG4 in the competition effect is not due to higher levels but rather to a specificity spectrum close to that of the specific IgE. These results support the idea that a specific function of IgG4 in serum might be to control antigen recognition by IgE and consequently, to regulate anaphylactic reactions and IgE-mediated immunity.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1639104