Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 31262982
Link to DOI – e00273-1910.1128/IAI.00273-19
Infect. Immun. 2019 09; 87(9):
In recent years nontyphoidal Salmonella has emerged as one of the pathogens most frequently isolated from the bloodstream in humans. Only a small group of Salmonella serovars cause this systemic infection, known as invasive nontyphoidal salmonellosis. Here, we present a focused minireview on Salmonella enterica serovar Panama, a serovar responsible for invasive salmonellosis worldwide. S Panama has been linked with infection of extraintestinal sites in humans, causing septicemia, meningitis, and osteomyelitis. The clinical picture is often complicated by antimicrobial resistance and has been associated with a large repertoire of transmission vehicles, including human feces and breast milk. Nonhuman sources of S Panama involve reptiles and environmental reservoirs, as well as food animals, such as pigs. The tendency of S Panama to cause invasive disease may be linked to certain serovar-specific genetic factors.